The Group’s net sales were €8,679 million, which is 4.3% down on the corresponding period of the previous year (€9,071 million). Anttila was included in the Group figures until 16 March 2015. Anttila excluded, net sales performance in local currencies equalled the level of the previous year. The decline in consumers’ purchasing power weakened consumer demand in the reporting period in Finland and Russia.
In the grocery trade, the -1.7% net sales performance is partly attributable to the decline in prices. In the home improvement and speciality goods trade, net sales decreased by 8.9%, but increased by 2.3% in local currencies excluding Anttila. In the car trade, net sales decreased by 2.4%. The Group’s net sales in Finland decreased by 4.9% and the comparable performance excluding Anttila was -1.7%. In the other countries, net sales decreased by 1.9%, but increased in local currencies excluding Anttila by 7.6%. The weakening of the Russian rouble impacted the net sales performance in euros especially in the home improvement and speciality goods trade. International operations accounted for 18.9% (18.4%) of net sales.
|Home imrovement and speciality goods trade||3,250||-8.9||63.6||+63.2|
|Common operations and eliminations||8||(..)||-22.7||-2.8|
|* Excl. non-recurring items
(..) Change over 100%
The operating profit excluding non-recurring items was €244.5 million (€232.6 million). In the grocery trade, profitability was good, although the operating profit excluding non-recurring items decreased from the previous year. This was most significantly due to intensified price competition. In the home improvement and speciality goods trade, profitability was improved by the divestment of Anttila in the first part of the year, as well as the good profit performance of the building and home improvement trade especially in Finland, Sweden, Norway and the Baltic countries. In the car trade, profitability remained steadily at a good level. The operating profit includes a €12.7 million operating loss from Anttila, divested in March; the operating loss for the previous year was €63.2 million.
The operating profit was €194.6 million (€151.4 million). The operating profit includes €-49.9 million (€-81.3 million) of non-recurring items. The most significant non-recurring items were the €130 million loss on the divestment of Anttila, the €75.6 million capital gain recorded on a real estate transaction completed in the second quarter of the year and a total of €25.4 million in capital gains on other real estate transactions. Due to Intersport Russia’s low volume and unprofitable performance, Kesko plans to withdraw from the Russian sports trade in 2016. Relating to the restructuring of Intersport Russia’s operations, a total of €17.2 million of non-recurring impairment charges and provisions were recorded for the fourth quarter. The non-recurring items of the comparative period included a provision for the restructuring of Anttila, and an impairment charge on fixed assets related to the integration of K-citymarket non-food and Anttila, a total of €46.8 million, a €5.2 million restructuring provision related to changes in the retail business of Byggmakker in Norway, costs amounting to €4.2 million from personnel reductions related to the change in Kesko’s divisional structure, and a €21.0 million property impairment charge related to the renovation of Kesko’s main office building.
The Group's profit before tax was €188.0 million (€145.0 million). The Group’s earnings per share were €1.03 (€0.97). The Group's equity per share was €21.82 (€22.05).
The K-Group's (i.e. Kesko's and the chain stores') retail and B2B sales excluding Anttila were €10,818 million, down 1.5% compared to the previous year. The K-Plussa customer loyalty programme gained 63,045 new households in 2015. At the end of December, there were 2.3 million K-Plussa households and 3.6 million K-Plussa cardholders.
The cash flow from operating activities was €276.4 million (€304.4 million). The cash flow from investing activities was €217.1 million (€-182.1 million) and it included proceeds from the sale of fixed assets in the amount of €432.5 million (€11.2 million), of which the cash inflow from the real estate arrangement completed in June was €403.0 million.
The Group's liquidity remained at an excellent level. At the end of the financial year, liquid assets totalled €887 million (€598 million). Interest-bearing liabilities were €439 million (€499 million) and interest-bearing net debt was €-448 million (€-99 million) at the end of December. The equity ratio was 54.7% (54.5%) at the end of the period.
The Group's net finance costs were €7.1 million (€6.1 million). The finance income for the previous year included interest income on cooperative capital from Suomen Luotto-osuuskunta in the amount of €4.9 million.
The Group's taxes were €70.7 million (€36.6 million). The effective tax rate was 37.6% (25.2%) resulting from non-deductible items related to the loss on the divestment of Anttila and the restructuring of Intersport Russia’s operations.
The Group's capital expenditure totalled €218.5 million (€194.0 million), or 2.5% (2.1%) of net sales. Capital expenditure in store sites was €166.7 million (€142.7 million), in IT €20.4 million (€34.4 million) and other capital expenditure was €31.4 million (€17.0 million). Capital expenditure in foreign operations represented 40.2% (40.5%) of total capital expenditure.
The average number of personnel in Kesko Group was 18,955 (19,976) converted into full-time employees. In Finland, the average decrease was 1,280 people, while outside Finland there was an increase of 259 people.
At the end of December 2015, the number of personnel was 21,935 (23,794), of whom 10,081 (12,180) worked in Finland and 11,854 (11,614) outside Finland. Compared to the end of December 2014, there was a decrease of 2,099 people in Finland and an increase of 240 people outside Finland. The decrease in the number of personnel in Finland is attributable to the divestment of Anttila on 16 March 2015.
The Group’s employee benefit expenses were €544.8 million, down 11.3% compared to the previous year. The decrease is attributable to the divestment of Anttila on 16 March 2015.
The composition of Kesko's divisional structure and segment reporting were changed as of 1 July 2015 to correspond to the new strategy. An agricultural and machinery trade unit was established as part of the home improvement and speciality goods trade division. As of 1 July 2015, Kesko Group’s reportable segments are the grocery trade, the home improvement and speciality goods trade and the car trade.
The Group’s operating activities are affected by seasonal fluctuations. The net sales and operating profits of the reportable segments are not earned evenly throughout the year. Instead, they vary by quarter depending on the characteristics of each segment.
|Net sales, € million||4,673||4,754|
|Operating profit excl. non-recurring items, € million||177.5||223.2|
|Operating margin excl. non-recurring items,%||3.8||4.7|
|Capital expenditure, € million||128.9||98.0|
|Net sales, € million||1–12/2015||Change,%|
|Sales to K-food stores||3,162||-2.2|
|K-citymarket, home and speciality goods||588||-1.0|
In 2015, the market position of the grocery trade remained stable and its profitability was good. The strengthening of K-food stores’ competitiveness in terms of quality and price has progressed in accordance with strategy and after the completion of the acquisition of Suomen Lähikauppa, announced in November, Kesko’s neighbourhood retail services will improve significantly.
The net sales of the grocery trade were €4,673 million (€4,754 million), representing a change of -1.7%. The grocery sales of K-food stores in Finland decreased by 1.2% (VAT 0%). In the grocery market in Finland, retail prices are estimated to have changed by approximately -1% compared to the previous year (VAT 0%; Kesko’s own estimate based on the Consumer Price Index of Statistics Finland) and the total market (VAT 0%) is estimated to have decreased by approximately 1% (Kesko’s own estimate). The decline in the value of the rouble affected the sales of the food stores in Russia in euros. In the local currency, sales increased by 35.4%.
The operating profit excluding non-recurring items of the grocery trade was €177.5 million (€223.2 million). Profitability was good in the grocery trade, although the operating profit excluding non-recurring items decreased from the previous year. This was most significantly due to intensified price competition. Kespro’s market share increased and profitability remained at a good level. The operating profit of the grocery trade was €249.4 million (€216.2 million). Non-recurring items, in the amount of €71.9 million (€-7.1 million), include €71.9 million in gains recorded on the sales of properties as the most significant items.
The capital expenditure of the grocery trade was €128.9 million (€98.0 million), of which €117.7 million (€83.2 million) was in store sites.
|Home improvement and speciality goods trade|
|Net sales, € million||3,250||3,568|
|Operating profit excl. non-recurring items, € million||63.6||0.4|
|Operating margin excl. non-recurring items,%||2.0||0.0|
|Capital expenditure, € million||55.3||71.9|
|Net sales, € million||1–12/2015||Change,%|
|Building and home improvement trade, Finland||794||+0.3|
|Agricultural and machinery trade||615||-0.4|
The profitability of the home improvement and speciality goods trade improved significantly in 2015, which was attributable to the good profit performance in the building and home improvement trade and the divestment of the loss-making business of Anttila in March 2015. The market share of the K-Group’s building and home improvement trade is estimated to have strengthened especially in Finland. In the building and home improvement trade, growth strengthened especially in the B2B trade.
The net sales of the home improvement and speciality goods trade were €3,250 million (€3,568 million), down 8.9%. Net sales excluding Anttila increased by 2.3% in local currencies.
The net sales of the home improvement and speciality goods trade in Finland were €1,719 million (€2,002 million), a decrease of 14.1%. Anttila excluded, net sales decreased in Finland by 1.0%. The net sales from the foreign operations of the home improvement and speciality goods trade were €1,530 million (€1,566 million), a decrease of 2.3%. In local currencies, the net sales from foreign operations excluding Anttila increased by 5.8%. Foreign operations contributed 47.1% (43.9%) to the net sales of the home improvement and speciality goods trade.
The net sales of the building and home improvement trade were €2,370 million (€2,422 million), a decrease of 2.1%. In local currencies, net sales were up by 2.7%. In respective local currencies, net sales in Sweden grew by 10.8%, in Norway by 3.2% and in Russia by 0.9%.
The net sales of the agricultural and machinery trade were €615 million (€618 million), down 0.4% compared to the previous year. Net sales in Finland were €500 million, a decrease of 4.2%. The net sales from foreign operations were €115 million, an increase of 20.0%. The net sales of the leisure trade were €205 million, an increase of 1.3% in local currencies.
The K-Group's sales of building and home improvement products in Finland decreased by a total of 0.3% and the total market (VAT 0%) is estimated to have fallen by approximately 2.2% (Kesko's own estimate). The retail sales of the K-maatalous chain were €437 million, down 5.5%.
The operating profit excluding non-recurring items of the home improvement and speciality goods trade was €63.6 million (€0.4 million), up €63.2 million compared to the previous year. The €12.7 million (€63.2 million) operating loss of Anttila, divested in March, is included in the profit of the home improvement and speciality goods trade. The operating profit of the home improvement and speciality goods trade, excluding non-recurring items and Anttila, was €76.3 million, up €12.6 million on the previous year. The improved profitability was attributable to a sales increase in foreign currency terms, coupled with implemented cost savings. The results of the building and home improvement trade improved especially in Finland, Sweden, Norway and the Baltic countries. Profitability improved from the previous year also in the furniture trade and the agricultural and machinery trade.
The operating profit of the home improvement and speciality goods trade was €-57.2 (€-52.0 million). Non-recurring items include a €130 million loss on the divestment of Anttila. Due to Intersport Russia’s low volume and unprofitable performance, Kesko plans to withdraw from the Russian sports trade in 2016. Relating to the restructuring of Intersport Russia’s operations, a total of €17.2 million of non-recurring impairment charges and provisions were recorded for the fourth quarter. In addition, the non-recurring items include €28 million in gains recorded on the sales of properties.
The capital expenditure of the home improvement and speciality goods trade totalled €55.3 million (€71.9 million), of which 54.6% (56.8%) was abroad. Capital expenditure in store sites represented 73.7% of total capital expenditure.
|Net sales, € million||748||766|
|Operating profit excl. non-recurring items, € million||26.1||28.9|
|Operating margin excl. non-recurring items,%||3.5||3.8|
|Capital expenditure, € million||16.0||13.2|
|Net sales, € million||1–12/2015||Change,%|
The profitability of the car trade continued at a good level in 2015 and Volkswagen was the market leader in Finland in passenger cars and vans.
The net sales of the car trade were €748 million (€766 million), down 2.4%. The combined market performance of first time registered passenger cars and vans was 2.8% (3.1%). The combined market share of passenger cars and vans imported by VV-Auto was 19.1% (20.7%).
The profitability of the car trade remained at a good level. The operating profit excluding non-recurring items was €26.1 million (€28.9 million).
The operating profit was €26.1 million (€28.9 million).
The capital expenditure of the car trade was €16.0 million (€13.2 million).
During the reporting period, Kesko Corporation sold its subsidiary Anttila Oy (Stock exchange release on 16 March 2015). As part of the real estate arrangement completed in June, 11 real estate companies were sold.
At the end of December 2015, the total number of Kesko Corporation shares was 100,019,752, of which 31,737,007, or 31.7%, were A shares and 68,282,745, or 68.3%, were B shares. At 31 December 2015, Kesko Corporation held 877,577 own B shares as treasury shares. These treasury shares accounted for 1.29% of the number of B shares, 0.88% of the total number of shares, and 0.23% of votes attached to all shares of the company. The total number of votes attached to all shares was 385,652,815. Each A share carries ten (10) votes and each B share one (1) vote. The company cannot vote with own shares held by it as treasury shares and no dividend is paid on them. At the end of December 2015, Kesko Corporation's share capital was €197,282,584.
The price of a Kesko A share quoted on Nasdaq Helsinki was €28.56 at the end of 2014, and €31.12 at the end of 2015, representing an increase of 9.0%. Correspondingly, the price of a B share was €30.18 at the end of 2014, and €32.37 at the end of 2015, representing an increase of 7.3%. The highest A share price during the year was €38.13 and the lowest was €26.94. The highest B share price during the year was €41.04 and the lowest was €28.30. The Nasdaq Helsinki All-Share index (OMX Helsinki) was up by 10.8% and the weighted OMX Helsinki Cap index by 11.7% during the year. The Retail Sector Index was up by 6.4%.
At the end of December 2015, the market capitalisation of A shares was €988 million, while that of B shares was €2,182 million, excluding the shares held by the parent company. The combined market capitalisation of A and B shares was €3,170 million, an increase of €232 million from the end of 2014. In 2015, a total of 2.4 million (2.0 million) A shares were traded on Nasdaq Helsinki, an increase of 19.4%. The exchange value of A shares was €75 million. The number of B shares traded was 59.4 million (47.3 million), an increase of 25.5%. The exchange value of B shares was €1,994 million. Nasdaq Helsinki accounted for 57% of Kesko A and B share trading in 2015. Kesko shares were also traded on multilateral trading facilities, the most significant of which were BATS Chi-X with 37% and Turquoise with 6% of the trading (source: Fidessa).
On 13 April 2015, the Annual General Meeting approved a share issue authorisation which cancelled the authorisation, identical in substance, granted by the General Meeting of 16 April 2012. In consequence, the Board has the authority, granted by the Annual General Meeting of 13 April 2015 and valid until 30 June 2018, to issue a total maximum of 20,000,000 new B shares. The shares can be issued against payment to be subscribed by shareholders in a directed issue in proportion to their existing holdings of the company shares regardless of whether they hold A or B shares, or, deviating from the shareholder's pre-emptive right, in a directed issue, if there is a weighty financial reason for the company, such as using the shares to develop the company's capital structure and financing possible acquisitions, capital expenditure or other arrangements within the scope of the company's business operations. The amount paid for the shares is recognised in the reserve of invested non-restricted equity. The authorisation also includes the Board's authority to decide on the share subscription price, the right to issue shares for non-cash consideration and the right to make decisions on other matters concerning share issues.
In addition, the Board has the authority, valid until 30 June 2017, to decide on the transfer of a maximum of 1,000,000 own B shares held by the company as treasury shares. On 9 February 2015, the Board decided to grant own B shares held by the company as treasury shares to persons included in the target group of the 2014 vesting period, based on the valid authority to issue treasury shares granted by the Annual General Meeting held on 8 April 2013 and the fulfilment of the vesting criteria of the 2014 vesting period of Kesko’s three-year share-based compensation plan. This transfer of a total of 120,022 own B shares was announced in a stock exchange release on 1 April 2015 and 7 April 2015. Based on the 2014–2016 share-based compensation plan decided by the Board, a total maximum of 600,000 own B shares held by the company as treasury shares can be granted within a period of three years based on the fulfilment of the vesting criteria. The Board will separately decide on the vesting criteria and target group for each vesting period. The share-based compensation plan was announced in a stock exchange release on 4 February 2014.
During the financial year, a total of 2,284 shares granted based on share-based compensation plans (the 2011–2013 and the 2014–2016 share-based compensation plans) was returned to the company in accordance with the terms and conditions of the share-based compensation plans. The returns during the reporting period were notified in a stock exchange notification on 23 March 2015, 4 September 2015 and 16 December 2015.
At the end of December 2015, the number of shareholders was 39,529, which is 340 less than at the end of 2014. At the end of December, foreign ownership of all shares was 27%. Foreign ownership of B shares was 39% at the end of December.
On 23 December 2015, Kesko Corporation received a notification according to which the total voting rights in respect of shares in Kesko held by K-Retailers' Association had exceeded 10% on 23 December 2015. The matter was announced in a stock exchange release on 23 December 2015.
Kesko sold the department store chain Anttila Oy to the German investment fund 4K INVEST for €1 million. The transaction included all assets and liabilities in Anttila Oy. Anttila Oy's approximately 1,500 employees continued in the employment of the company. The date of the transaction was 16 March 2015. (Stock exchange release on 16 March 2015)
Kesko Corporation, the Swedish life insurance company AMF Pensionsförsäkring AB and Ilmarinen Mutual Pension Insurance Company set up a joint venture named Ankkurikadun Kiinteistöt Oy. The joint venture owns, manages and develops store sites acquired for it, primarily in use by Kesko Group. (Stock exchange release on 8 May 2015 and 11 June 2015)
Kesko's Board of Directors decided on the new strategy which is aimed at achieving profitable growth in three strategic areas: the grocery trade, the building and home improvement trade and the car trade. At the same time, financial targets in accordance with Kesko’s new strategy were announced. (Stock exchange release on 27 May 2015)
Kesko announced its plan to merge Kesko Food Ltd and Rautakesko Ltd with the Group’s parent company as part of the Group structure simplification. Merging the two largest division parent companies in terms of net sales with the Group's parent company is a step forward in implementing the strategy for a more unified Kesko. (Stock exchange release on 22 July 2015)
Kesko agreed to centralise the Baltic operations in its Lithuania-based subsidiary, UAB Senuku Prekybos centras (Senukai). The plan is to implement the integration in such a way that Kesko will sell the shares in its wholly owned companies responsible for the operations of K-rauta stores in Estonia and Latvia to Senukai. The ownership arrangement is planned to be implemented in early 2016. The implementation is subject to the approval of the competition authority. (Stock exchange release on 4 November 2015)
Kesko Corporation's subsidiary Kesko Food Ltd made an agreement to acquire the whole share capital of Suomen Lähikauppa Oy from the private equity investment firm Triton. The net sales of Suomen Lähikauppa in 2014 were €999.2 million, it has 643 Siwa and Valintatalo stores and 4,100 employees. The transaction price of the debt-free acquisition, structured as a share purchase, is approximately €60 million. The completion of the acquisition is subject to the approval of the Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority and the fulfilment of the other terms and conditions of the transaction. The handling of the matter and the acquisition are expected to be completed in the first half of 2016. (Stock exchange releases on 18 November 2015)
Voimaosakeyhtiö SF commenced arbitration proceedings in which Voimaosakeyhtiö SF demands that the court of arbitration confirm that Kesko Corporation's group company Kestra Kiinteistöpalvelut Oy is committed to the future financing of Fennovoima Ltd's Hanhikivi nuclear power project. Kestra Kiinteistöpalvelut Oy considers Voimaosakeyhtiö SF's claims to be unfounded. (Stock exchange release on 17 December 2015)
Kesko Corporation made an agreement to acquire Onninen Oy's whole share capital from Onvest Oy. The pro forma net sales of the business to be acquired were €1,438 million and the EBITDA was €39 million for the period from October 2014 until the end of September 2015. The transaction price of the debt-free acquisition, structured as a share purchase, is €369 million. Onninen's steel business and Russian subsidiary are not included in the acquisition. The completion of the acquisition is subject to the approval of the competition authorities and the fulfilment of the other terms and conditions of the transaction. The acquisition is estimated to be completed during the first half of 2016. (Stock exchange release on 12 January 2016)
Kesko Corporation's Annual General Meeting, held on 13 April 2015, adopted the financial statements and the consolidated financial statements for 2014 and discharged the Board members and the Managing Director from liability. The General Meeting also resolved to distribute a dividend of €1.50 per share as proposed by the Board, or a total amount of €148,715,547.00. The dividend pay date was 22 April 2015. The General Meeting resolved to leave the number of Board members unchanged at seven. The General Meeting resolved to elect retailer, Business College Graduate Esa Kiiskinen, Master of Science in Economics, retailer Tomi Korpisaari, retailer, Secondary School Graduate Toni Pokela, eMBA Mikael Aro (new member), Master of Science in Economics Matti Kyytsönen (new member), Master of Science in Economics Anu Nissinen (new member) and Master of Laws Kaarina Ståhlberg (new member) as Board members for a three-year term expiring at the close of the 2018 Annual General Meeting in accordance with the Articles of Association. In addition, the General Meeting resolved to leave the Board members' fees and the basis for reimbursement of expenses unchanged.
The General Meeting elected the firm of auditors PricewaterhouseCoopers Oy, Authorised Public Accountants, as the company's auditor, with APA Mikko Nieminen as the auditor with principal responsibility. The General Meeting also approved the Board's proposals for the Board’s authorisation to issue a total maximum of 20,000,000 new B shares until 30 June 2018, and its authorisation to decide on donations of a total maximum of €300,000 for charitable or corresponding purposes until the Annual General Meeting to be held in 2016.
After the Annual General Meeting, Kesko Corporation's Board of Directors held an organisational meeting in which it elected retailer, Business College Graduate Esa Kiiskinen as its Chair and eMBA Mikael Aro as its Deputy Chair. Master of Laws Kaarina Ståhlberg (Ch.), eMBA Mikael Aro (Dep. Ch.) and Master of Science in Economics Matti Kyytsönen were elected to the Board's Audit Committee. Esa Kiiskinen (Ch.), Mikael Aro (Dep. Ch.) and Master of Science in Economics Anu Nissinen were elected to the Board's Remuneration Committee.
The resolutions of Annual General Meeting and the decisions of the Board’s organisational meeting were announced in more detail in stock exchange releases on 13 April 2015.
Kesko was the best trading sector company (Food & Staples Retailing) on 'The Global 100 Most Sustainable Corporations' list in 2015 and 2016. In 2015, Kesko placed 5th and in 2016, 15th on the list.
In November 2015, Kesko rose to CDP's Climate A List for the first time. The globally established list consists of 113 selected leading companies considered to be operating in an exemplary manner in the mitigation of climate change.
In 2015, Kesko continued to conduct human rights impact assessments in compliance with the UN’s Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.
Kesko aims to identify the entire supply chain of products, while also ensuring that the ingredients are responsibly sourced. In 2015, the origin of the ingredients in Pirkka and K-Menu own brand products was assessed.
In February 2015, Plan International, an organisation promoting children's rights, and Kesko launched a joint initiative to improve the sustainability of Thailand's fish industry and the position of migrant workers. The agreement on cooperation was made for the years 2015–2018.
In September 2015, Kesko's grocery trade, Gasum, Myllyn Paras and Wursti entered into cooperation in which biogas produced from inedible biowaste collected from retail stores will be utilised as energy in the manufacture of new Pirkka products.
The Blue and White Footprint campaign of the Association for Finnish Work continued in 2015, when the K-rauta and Rautia stores joined the K-food stores in the campaign. The objective of the campaign is to increase the sales of Finnish products and the awareness of the positive effects of buying Finnish work.
In spring 2015, the K-Group and the Ruokatieto association organised Local Food Dates (Lähiruokatreffit) in six localities in Finland. These events are aimed at providing retailers and local producers an opportunity to network and improve the offering of local products in K-food stores.
In 2015, Kesko created the ‘Thank the Producer’ operating model, which aims to draw attention to the position of producers and increase the appreciation of Finnish production. When buying groceries for Christmas, customers had a chance to buy a ’Thank the Producer’ card. The full proceeds from the sale of the cards were tripled and remitted to Finnish pig farmers in cooperation with the Central Union of Agricultural Producers and Forest Owners (MTK) and meat companies.
K-stores were the main partners of the Finnish Red Nose Day and raised a record amount of €420,000 for the campaign in 2015. For a third time, Kesko and K-stores participated in the Salvation Army's Christmas Kettle Collection to help those in need. K-food stores also participated in the Happy Christmas Spirit collection organised by the Finnish Red Cross and the Mannerheim League for Child Welfare.
Information on the Group’s personnel is disclosed in note 6.
Related party transactions are disclosed in note 33.
Kesko publishes the Annual Report for 2015 at www.kesko.fi. The report contains a strategy review, the Report by the Board of Directors and the financial statements for 2015, Kesko’s Corporate Governance Statement and Remuneration Statement and the responsibility reporting indicators (GRI). Assurance for GRI indicators is provided by an independent external party.
Risk management in Kesko Group is guided by the risk management policy approved by Kesko's Board of Directors. The policy defines the goals and principles, organisation, responsibilities and practices of risk management in Kesko Group. The management of financial risks is based on the Group's finance policy confirmed by Kesko's Board of Directors. The business division and Group managements are responsible for the execution of risk management. Kesko Group applies a business-oriented and comprehensive approach to risk assessment and management. This means that key risks are systematically identified, assessed, managed, monitored and reported at the Group, division, company and unit levels in all operating countries.
Kesko Group's risks are considered by the Kesko Board's Audit Committee in connection with the quarterly interim reports and the financial statements. The Audit Committee Chair reports on risk management to the Board as part of the Audit Committee's report. The most significant risks and uncertainties are reported to the market by the Board in the Report by the Board of Directors and any material changes in them in the interim reports.
The following describes the risks and uncertainties assessed as significant.
The weak outlook for the Finnish economy, increases in taxes and public payments resulting from the indebtedness of the public sector, coupled with increasing unemployment, weaken purchasing power and consumer confidence and may cause a long-term decline in the level of demand. This would have negative repercussions especially on Kesko’s home improvement and speciality goods trade and car trade in Finland. In the food trade, price is increasingly important.
The level of uncertainty regarding economic development in Russia is high and political and country risks in Russia have risen. The fall of crude oil prices cuts the revenues of the Russian state. The low exchange rate of the rouble weakens purchasing power, demand and profitability, and strong fluctuations in the exchange rate increases hedging costs. The economic sanctions imposed by the EU and the USA make it difficult to get financing in Russia. Russia’s counter-sanctions have impacts especially on food stores’ operations and raise the price level in Russia even on a wider scale. Unpredictability of officials and rapid changes in laws and their application, as well as unexpected changes in the operating environment can make business operations more difficult and delay expansion.
The level of food prices in Finland declined in 2015. As consumers’ purchasing power has decreased, competition has become more intense and stores have lowered their prices in order to increase market shares. The decline in price levels and the intensified price competition can weaken the profitability of Kesko’s grocery trade and retailers.
After completion, the acquisitions of Suomen Lähikauppa Oy and Onninen Oy will provide a significant business opportunity for Kesko, but they also entail risks. The takeover and integration of the companies into Kesko will be demanding, long lasting processes and their success will impact on the achievement of the objectives set for sales, profit and synergies.
E-commerce and online services are becoming increasingly popular in the retail trade, especially in the speciality goods trade. International e-commerce increases price transparency and consumers' alternatives at the same time when making decisions to buy products and services and buying and marketing them become more personalised and increasingly take place online. The achievement of business objectives requires an active approach and strong expertise in the development of online services and online stores that are attractive to customers and the adoption of a multichannel approach with supporting electronic customer communications. The risk is that some of the traditional brick and mortar stores become unprofitable and that the progress of e-commerce and online service development projects is outpaced by competitors, or that competing online stores and online services are found more attractive by customers. In addition, competition can be intensified by companies entering the value chain of trade by introducing new business models. For the food trade, the challenges in the development of e-commerce include the cost effectiveness of logistic models and the suitability of the existing store sites for e-commerce.
The trading sector is characterised by increasingly complicated and long supply chains and a higher dependency on information systems, data communications and external service providers. Extended failures in information systems and payment transfers, or in other parts of the supply chain, can cause significant losses in sales and weaken customer satisfaction.
Kesko's chain operations are, contrary to those of most competitors, based on a retailer business model to a significant extent. The competitive advantages of the retailer business model include the retailer's local expertise and ability to rapidly respond to changes in customer needs or competitive situations. Decision-making concerning the development of the chains' operations and the implementation of changes in business operations can, however, be outpaced by competitors. A prolonged decline in the level of demand and sales can weaken the profitability and performance of retailer operations in Finland.
With a view to increasing the market share, good store sites are a key competitive factor. The acquisition of store sites can be delayed by town planning and permit procedures and the availability and pricing of sites. Considerable amounts of capital or lease liabilities are tied up in store properties for years. When the share of e-commerce grows, the market situation changes, or a chain concept proves inefficient there is a risk that a store site becomes unprofitable and operations are discontinued while long-term liabilities remain.
A failure in product safety control or in the quality assurance of the supply chain can result in financial losses, the loss of customer confidence or, in the worst case, a health hazard to customers.
The implementation of strategies and the achievement of objectives require competent and motivated personnel. There is a risk that the trading sector does not attract the most competent people. The acquisitions in progress as well as other significant business and development projects, coupled with an increased need for special competencies increase the key-person risk and the dependency on individual expertise.
In divisions strongly dependent on individual principals and suppliers, such as the car and machinery trade, ownership arrangements and changes in the strategy of a principal or supplier, in product selections, product pricing and distribution channel solutions can mean weakened competitiveness, or a loss of sales or business.
Crimes are increasingly committed through data networks and crime has become more international and professional. A failure, especially if it affects the security of payment transactions and personal information, can cause losses, claims for damages and reputational harm. There is a risk that controls against such crime are not sufficient.
Various aspects of corporate responsibility, such as the ethicality of production and purchasing, fair and equal treatment of employees and environmental protection are increasingly important to customers. Any failures of responsibility would result in negative publicity for Kesko. Kesko's challenges in corporate responsibility work include communicating its responsibility principles to suppliers, retailers and customers, and ensuring responsibility in the supply chain.
Compliance with laws and agreements is an important part of Kesko's responsibility. Non-compliance can result in fines, claims for damages and other financial losses, and a loss of confidence and reputation.
Kesko's objective is to produce and publish reliable and timely information. If any information published by Kesko proved to be incorrect, or communications failed to meet regulations in other respects, it could result in losing investor and other stakeholder confidence and in possible sanctions. Tight disclosure schedules and the dependency on information systems create challenges to the accuracy of financial information.
Accidents, natural phenomena and epidemics can cause damages or business interruptions that cannot be prevented. There is also the risk that insurance policies do not cover all unexpected accidents and damages.
Estimates of the future outlook for Kesko Group's net sales and operating profit excluding non-recurring items are given for the 12 months following the reporting period (1-12/2016) in comparison with the 12 months preceding the reporting period (1-12/2015).
The general economic situation and the expected trend in consumer demand vary in Kesko’s different operating countries. In Finland, owing to the weak trend in consumers’ purchasing power, the trading sector’s performance is expected to remain modest in all product lines, which may be complicated further by actions taken to balance the public finances. In the Finnish grocery trade, intense competition is expected to continue. The market for the Finnish building and home improvement trade and car trade is expected to remain weak. With respect to foreign countries, the economic situation and consumers’ purchasing power, as well as the outlook in Russia have weakened further. Whereas in Sweden and Norway and the Baltic countries, the market is expected to grow.
Kesko Group's net sales for 2016 are expected to equal the level of the previous year. The operating profit excluding non-recurring items for 2016 is expected to slightly exceed the level of 2015.
The future outlook does not take account of the acquisitions of Suomen Lähikauppa and Onninen, in respect of which estimates will be given in connection with their respective completions.
The parent's distributable profits are €1,101,724,265.47, of which the profit for the financial year is €161,817,870.11.
The Board of Directors proposes to the Annual General Meeting to be held on 4 April 2016 that a dividend of €2.50 per share be paid on shares held outside the company at the date of dividend distribution. No dividend is paid on own shares held by the company as treasury shares at the record date of dividend distribution.
At the date of the proposal for distributions of profits, 2 February 2016, a total of 99,142,175 shares were held outside the Company, amounting to a total dividend of €247,855,437.50.
The Board of Directors decided to convene the Annual General Meeting at Messukeskus Helsinki, on 4 April 2016 at 13.00. Kesko Corporation will publish a notice of the General Meeting at a later date.
Kesko will publish the Annual Report for 2015 on week 10 on its website at www.kesko.fi. The report contains a strategic review, the Report by the Board of Directors and the financial statements for 2015, the responsibility reporting indicators (GRI), Kesko’s Corporate Governance Statement and Remuneration Statement.